alhambra gardens granada – Alhambra Gardens, Granada, Spain Favorite Places
The Alhambra was therefore called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located upon summit of the hill al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in tummy of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.
The Alhambra is located upon a strategic point, when a view beyond the whole city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to agree to that extra buildings were already on that site previously the Muslims arrived. The perplexing is surrounded by ramparts and has an anomalous shape. It limits later than the valley of the river Darro upon its northern side, afterward the valley of al-Sabika upon its southern side and once the street Cuesta del Rey Chico on the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is then the affix between the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located on top of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).
The first historical documents known nearly the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they lecture to to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to aspiration refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to repair it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada later belonged. This site next started to be outstretched and populated, although not nevertheless as much as it would be later on, because the Ziri kings established their dwelling on the hill of the Albaicin.
The castle of the Alhambra was added to the city’s place within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress later a view on top of the entire sum city. In rancor of this, it was not until the coming on of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal domicile was conventional in the Alhambra. This thing marked the arrival of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.
First of all, the pass allocation of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the keep (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried on by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently moreover built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), on the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was cutting edge built.
Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are answerable for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can yet venerate today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the magnification of the place within the ramparts, the Justice get into (Puerta de la Justicia), the further details and beautification of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly anything remains from what the future Nasrid Kings did.
From the epoch of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a allocation of the obscure in order to construct the palace which bears his name. We must also recall the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination part of the fortress was blown stirring and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the puzzling started and is nevertheless maintained nowadays.