alhambra meaning in arabic – The Alhambra El Partal, The City of Granada, History of
The Alhambra was correspondingly called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located on top of the hill al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in stomach of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.
The Alhambra is located upon a strategic point, past a view on top of the amass city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to understand that additional buildings were already upon that site back the Muslims arrived. The puzzling is surrounded by ramparts and has an unusual shape. It limits once the valley of the river Darro on its northern side, in imitation of the valley of al-Sabika upon its southern side and later than the street Cuesta del Rey Chico upon the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is as a consequence the connect amid the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located on top of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).
The first historical documents known virtually the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they talk to to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to want refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to repair it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada later belonged. This site afterward started to be extended and populated, although not yet as much as it would be well along on, because the Ziri kings expected their domicile upon the hill of the Albaicin.
The castle of the Alhambra was extra to the city’s area within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress behind a view higher than the mass city. In spite of this, it was not until the beginning of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal address was received in the Alhambra. This business marked the start of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.
First of all, the pass allocation of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the keep (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried upon by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently along with built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), on the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was far ahead built.
Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are responsible for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can still glorify today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the further details of the area within the ramparts, the Justice right to use (Puerta de la Justicia), the augmentation and trimming of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly anything remains from what the complex Nasrid Kings did.
From the period of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a share of the puzzling in order to construct the palace which bears his name. We must plus recall the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination part of the fortress was blown stirring and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the rarefied started and is nevertheless maintained nowadays.