alhambra palace hotel – Luxury Hotel in Granada 5* Hotel Alhambra Palace
The Alhambra was for that reason called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located upon summit of the hill al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in belly of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.
The Alhambra is located on a strategic point, taking into consideration a view on top of the collection city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to recognize that extra buildings were already upon that site since the Muslims arrived. The perplexing is surrounded by ramparts and has an anomalous shape. It limits afterward the valley of the river Darro upon its northern side, like the valley of al-Sabika on its southern side and subsequent to the street Cuesta del Rey Chico on the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is afterward the border along with the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located upon summit of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).
The first historical documents known virtually the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they adopt to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to mean refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to repair it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada then belonged. This site afterward started to be outstretched and populated, although not yet as much as it would be far ahead on, because the Ziri kings traditional their residence upon the hill of the Albaicin.
The castle of the Alhambra was other to the city’s place within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress subsequently a view exceeding the amassed city. In bad blood of this, it was not until the start of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal domicile was expected in the Alhambra. This situation marked the introduction of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.
First of all, the antiquated portion of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the save (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried upon by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently along with built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), on the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was innovative built.
Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are responsible for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can nevertheless love today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the elaboration of the area within the ramparts, the Justice right to use (Puerta de la Justicia), the clarification and titivation of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly everything remains from what the well along Nasrid Kings did.
From the time of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a ration of the mysterious in order to construct the palace which bears his name. We must plus recall the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination part of the fortress was blown happening and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the obscure started and is nevertheless maintained nowadays.