alhambra palace spain – p. james magic show alhambra
The Alhambra was consequently called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located upon summit of the hill al-Sabika, upon the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in front of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.
The Alhambra is located on a strategic point, when a view higher than the collective city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to take that extra buildings were already on that site since the Muslims arrived. The complex is surrounded by ramparts and has an unusual shape. It limits in the manner of the valley of the river Darro on its northern side, bearing in mind the valley of al-Sabika upon its southern side and when the street Cuesta del Rey Chico upon the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is plus the attach in the middle of the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located upon top of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).
The first historical documents known about the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they direct to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to target refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to fix it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada later belonged. This site subsequently started to be elongated and populated, although not nevertheless as much as it would be future on, because the Ziri kings acknowledged their domicile upon the hill of the Albaicin.
The castle of the Alhambra was added to the city’s place within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress like a view on top of the summative city. In rancor of this, it was not until the coming on of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal dwelling was normal in the Alhambra. This matter marked the start of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.
First of all, the obsolescent allowance of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the save (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried on by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently with built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), upon the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was sophisticated built.
Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are held responsible for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can yet love today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the development of the place within the ramparts, the Justice door (Puerta de la Justicia), the increase and prettification of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly whatever remains from what the later Nasrid Kings did.
From the get older of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a ration of the obscure in order to build the palace which bears his name. We must along with remember the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination ration of the fortress was blown up and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the puzzling started and is yet maintained nowadays.