alhambra patronato – Alhambra y Generalife
The Alhambra was as a result called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located upon top of the hill al-Sabika, upon the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in stomach of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.
The Alhambra is located upon a strategic point, with a view over the gather together city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to tolerate that extra buildings were already on that site back the Muslims arrived. The puzzling is surrounded by ramparts and has an atypical shape. It limits next the valley of the river Darro on its northern side, considering the valley of al-Sabika on its southern side and once the street Cuesta del Rey Chico upon the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is next the connect surrounded by the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located on top of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).
The first historical documents known virtually the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they take up to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to mean refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to fix it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada later belonged. This site afterward started to be extended and populated, although not yet as much as it would be unconventional on, because the Ziri kings conventional their domicile upon the hill of the Albaicin.
The castle of the Alhambra was supplementary to the city’s area within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress taking into consideration a view higher than the accumulate city. In bad blood of this, it was not until the arrival of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal domicile was expected in the Alhambra. This concern marked the introduction of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.
First of all, the outmoded part of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the save (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried upon by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently after that built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), on the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was forward-looking built.
Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are held responsible for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can yet be mad about today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the further details of the area within the ramparts, the Justice admittance (Puerta de la Justicia), the strengthening and trimming of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly all remains from what the sophisticated Nasrid Kings did.
From the mature of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a allocation of the perplexing in order to build the palace which bears his name. We must as well as recall the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination ration of the fortress was blown occurring and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the mysterious started and is still maintained nowadays.