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The Alhambra was hence called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located on summit of the hill al-Sabika, upon the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in front of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.
The Alhambra is located upon a strategic point, bearing in mind a view greater than the collection city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to give a positive response that new buildings were already upon that site since the Muslims arrived. The complex is surrounded by ramparts and has an unusual shape. It limits subsequent to the valley of the river Darro on its northern side, when the valley of al-Sabika upon its southern side and as soon as the street Cuesta del Rey Chico on the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is moreover the border in the middle of the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located on top of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).
The first historical documents known about the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they lecture to to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to mean refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to fix it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada after that belonged. This site gone started to be elongated and populated, although not yet as much as it would be well along on, because the Ziri kings traditional their residence on the hill of the Albaicin.
The castle of the Alhambra was added to the city’s area within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress with a view over the summative city. In animosity of this, it was not until the initiation of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal address was conventional in the Alhambra. This situation marked the introduction of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.
First of all, the obsolete allocation of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the keep (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried upon by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently next built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), upon the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was forward-looking built.
Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are responsible for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can yet exalt today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the further explanation of the place within the ramparts, the Justice contact (Puerta de la Justicia), the clarification and enhancement of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly whatever remains from what the higher Nasrid Kings did.
From the mature of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a share of the profound in order to build the palace which bears his name. We must furthermore remember the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination ration of the fortress was blown happening and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the complex started and is nevertheless maintained nowadays.