AlHambra

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what is the alhambra used for todayExperience Moorish History at The Alhambra Palace On A

Historical introduction
The Alhambra was appropriately called because of its reddish walls (in Arabic, (qa’lat al-Hamra’ means Red Castle). It is located on top of the hill al-Sabika, upon the left bank of the river Darro, to the west of the city of Granada and in tummy of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicin and of the Alcazaba.

The Alhambra is located on a strategic point, considering a view higher than the combination city and the meadow (la Vega), and this fact leads to take that additional buildings were already on that site before the Muslims arrived. The perplexing is surrounded by ramparts and has an irregular shape. It limits later than the valley of the river Darro upon its northern side, next the valley of al-Sabika upon its southern side and following the street Cuesta del Rey Chico upon the eastern side. The Cuesta del Rey Chico is then the connect between the neighbourhood of the Albaicin and the gardens of the Generalife, located upon summit of the Hill of the Sun (Cerro del Sol).

The first historical documents known not quite the Alhambra date from the 9th century and they concentrate on to Sawwar ben Hamdun who, in the year 889, had to seek refuge in the Alcazaba, a fortress, and had to fix it due to the civil fights that were destroying the Caliphate of Cordoba, to which Granada then belonged. This site following started to be extended and populated, although not nevertheless as much as it would be later on, because the Ziri kings acknowledged their habitat on the hill of the Albaicin.

The castle of the Alhambra was supplementary to the city’s area within the ramparts in the 9th century, which implied that the castle became a military fortress next a view exceeding the combine city. In rancor of this, it was not until the coming on of the first king of the Nasrid dynasty, Mohammed ben Al-Hamar (Mohammed I, 1238-1273), in the 13th century, that the royal domicile was standard in the Alhambra. This concern marked the arrival of the Alhambra’s most glorious period.

First of all, the out of date allocation of the Alcazaba was reinforced and the Watch Tower (Torre de la Vela) and the save (Torre del Homenaje) were built. Water was canalised from the river Darro, warehouses and deposits were built and the palace and the ramparts were started. These two elements were carried on by Mohammed II (1273-1302) and Mohammed III (1302-1309), who apparently furthermore built public baths and the Mosque (Mezquita), upon the site of which the current Church of Saint Mary was progressive built.

Yusuf I (1333-1353) and Mohammed V (1353-1391) are blamed for most of the constructions of the Alhambra that we can nevertheless be crazy about today. From the improvements of the Alcazaba and the palaces, to the Patio of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) and its annexed rooms, including the clarification of the place within the ramparts, the Justice admission (Puerta de la Justicia), the enlargement and embellishment of the towers, the building of the Baths (Baos), the Comares Room (Cuarto de Comares) and the Hall of the boat (Sala de la Barca). Hardly all remains from what the higher Nasrid Kings did.

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From the become old of the Catholic Monarchs until today we must underline that Charles V ordered the demolition of a portion of the technical in order to build the palace which bears his name. We must after that recall the construction of the Emperor’s Chambers (habitaciones del Emperador) and the Queen’s Dressing Room (Peinador de la Reina) and that from the 18th century the Alhambra was abandoned. During the French domination portion of the fortress was blown happening and it was not until the 19th century that the process of repairing, restoring and preserving the obscure started and is yet maintained nowadays.

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